Why Ask For Mercy When Entering The Masjid And Why Ask For Bounty When Exiting – [By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Supplication When Entering

بسم الله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ

In the Name of Allaah, and may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah! Open the doors of mercy for me.

Supplication When Exiting

بسم الله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ

In the Name of Allaah, and may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah.

O Allaah! I ask You for Your Bounty.

Regarding the statement [اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ – O Allaah open for me the doors of mercy], it is said (i.e. by the scholars) that perhaps the wisdom behind this is because entry into the masjid is connected to seeking after the afterlife and mercy is a specific thing pursued in relation to the afterlife. And exiting the Masjid is connected to seeking after livelihood in worldly life and this is what is intended by the word [فضل – Bounty], which the statement of Allaah [The Most High] indicates to (in Surah Al-Jumu’ah) as follows: [فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَانْتَشِرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَابْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللَّهِ – Then when the (Jumu’ahSalat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.) [62:10]

It is said (i.e. by the scholars) that the one who enters the Masjid busies himself by doing what will draw him close to Allaah, earns him Allaah’s reward and Paradise; therefore the mention of ‘Mercy’ is suitable in this instance (i.e. the mention of mercy in the supplication when entering the masjid). And when he exits the Masjid, he goes about in the earth to seek after the bounty of Allaah – good and lawful provision; so the mention of [الفضل- Bounty] is suitable in this instance. And Allaah knows best.

[Source: Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar’ page 124′ parts 3&4′ by Sh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr  (may Allaah preserve him). The Shaikh directed the reader to Sharh Al-Adkaar’ 2/42′ by (ابن علَّان )] [Paraphrased]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/why-ask-for-mercy-when-entering-the-masjid-and-why-ask-for-bounty-when-exiting-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

We Have Reached The Morning Whilst Being Upon The Fitrah of Islaam: [A Supplication of The Morning And Evening (i.e. Before Sunrise and After Asr)] With Short Commentary By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [haafidhahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Supplication In Arabic:

أَصْبَحْنَا عَلَى فِطْرَةِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَعَلَى كَلِمَةِ الْإِخْلَاصِ وَعَلَى دِينِ نَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَعَلَى مِلَّةِ أَبِينَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

We have reached the morning whilst being upon the Fitrah of Islaam; upon the statement of Ikhlaas; and upon the religion of our Prophet Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] and the way of our forefather Ibraaheem, who was Haneefan [one who singled out Allaah in worship and distanced himself from everything worshipped besides Allaah] and Musliman [a true Muslim], and he was not of those who associated partners to Allaah [in worship]. NB: In the evening, the phrase [أَصْبَحْنَا  – we have reached the morning] is replaced with [أَمْسَيْنَا – we have reached the evening]

Some Beneficial Reminders Derived From The Supplication:

[أَصْبَحْنَا عَلَى فِطْرَةِ الإِسْلاَمِ – We have (reached the morning whilst being upon) the Fitrah of Islaam]- Meaning: We have been favoured by way of reaching the morning, whilst we are upon the religion of Islaam, adhering to it and being safeguarded upon it- neither being from those upon something different nor those who substitute their Islaam.

The religion of Islaam is the religion of Fitrah- [i.e. the religion a person would naturally incline towards because Allaah created mankind with the natural disposition to incline towards it]; so that a person turns towards it wholeheartedly, making it the main goal [or intention] and adhering to it -outwardly and inwardly- by way of the deeds and sound creed ordained by Allaah. Allaah [The Most High] said:

فَأَقِمۡ وَجۡهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفً۬ا‌ۚ فِطۡرَتَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّتِى فَطَرَ ٱلنَّاسَ عَلَيۡہَا‌ۚ لَا تَبۡدِيلَ لِخَلۡقِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلۡقَيِّمُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَڪۡثَرَ ٱلنَّاسِ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ

So set you [O Muhammad] your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa [worship none but Allah Alone] Allah’s Fitrah [i.e. Allaah’s Islamic Monotheism], with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq-illaah [i.e. the Religion of pure Islamic Monotheism], that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [30:30]

This is the natural disposition upon which mankind was created, so whoever abandons this state, then indeed he has opposed and corrupted his natural disposition, just as the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said that Allaah said: ‘’’Indeed, I created My servants as Hunafaa [i.e. one having a natural inclination to worship Allaah alone and respond to the call of my Messengers], but it is Satan who turns them away from the right religion and makes unlawful for them what I made lawful for them, and commanded them to ascribe partners to Me that which I have sent down no authority.” [Saheeh Muslim Number 2865]

[وَكَلِمَةِ الإِخْلاَصِ   – (i.e. we have reached the morning, whilst being upon) the statement of Ikhlaas]- Meaning: We have reached the morning whilst being upon this pure statement and that is the statement: [There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah]. This great and lofty statement is the best of all great statements and loftiest of them; rather it is main fountainhead of the religion and its foundation. Due to this, mankind was created solely for the purpose of fulfilling what this statement necessitates, and likewise due to this statement the Messengers were sent to mankind, the Books were revealed and the people were divided into believers and disbelievers. It is the essence of the call of the Messengers and the basis of their message. It is the greatest favour [bounty or blessing] which Allaah has bestowed on His servants, and in this regard Sufyaan Bin Uyaynah  [rahimahullaah] said: ‘’Allaah has not bestowed on a servant -amongst His servants -a bounty  [favour or blessing] greater than the fact He acquainted them with statement [ لا إله إلا الله –  There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah]

The statement [ لا إله إلا الله –  There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is a statement of sincerity -a statement of Islamic Monotheism and rejection of Shirk [i.e. polytheism of all types – in belief, creed, deeds, ideas etc]. Allaah [The Most High] said that Prophet Ibraaheem [alayhis-salaam] said to his people:

وَإِذۡ قَالَ إِبۡرَٲهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوۡمِهِۦۤ إِنَّنِى بَرَآءٌ۬ مِّمَّا تَعۡبُدُونَ

لَّا ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَنِى فَإِنَّهُ ۥ سَيَہۡدِينِ

وَجَعَلَهَا كَلِمَةَۢ بَاقِيَةً۬ فِى عَقِبِهِۦ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَرۡجِعُونَ

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people: “Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, “Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me, and verily, He will guide me.” And he made it [i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone)] a Word lasting among his offspring (True Monotheism), that they may turn back (i.e. to repent to Allah or receive admonition). [43:26-28]

If a servant wakes up whilst being upon what this statement of sincerity necessitates -neither being from those upon something else nor from those who substitute it, then indeed he (or she) has reached the morning whilst being upon a good situation.

[وَعَلَى دِينِ نَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – (i.e. and we have reached the morning whilst being) upon the religion of our Prophet Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)]- Meaning: We have reached the morning whilst being upon this great Religion- the religion which Allaah is pleased with for His servants, and the Religion Allaah sent His Prophet with. Allaah [The Most High] said: [ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمَ دِينً۬ا‌ۚ – This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. [5:3]

Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱلدِّينَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمُ‌ۗ  –  Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. (3:19)]

Allaah said: [وَمَن يَبۡتَغِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ دِينً۬ا فَلَن يُقۡبَلَ مِنۡهُ وَهُوَ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرِينَ   – And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (3:85]

Allaah stated about those whom He favoured with this religion which the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) was sent with:

وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ حَبَّبَ إِلَيۡكُمُ ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنَ وَزَيَّنَهُ ۥ فِى قُلُوبِكُمۡ وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيۡكُمُ ٱلۡكُفۡرَ وَٱلۡفُسُوقَ وَٱلۡعِصۡيَانَ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلرَّٲشِدُونَ

But Allah has endeared the Faith to you and has beautified it in your hearts, and has made disbelief, wickedness and disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger) hateful to you. These! They are the rightly guided ones. [49:7]

Allaah said: [وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُ ۥ مَا زَكَىٰ مِنكُم مِّنۡ أَحَدٍ أَبَدً۬ا وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُزَكِّى مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ۬ – And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies (guides to Islam) whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. [24:21]

[وَعَلَى مِلَّةِ أَبِينَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ – and the way of our forefather Ibraaheem, who was Haneefan (one who singled out Allaah in worship and distanced himself from everything worshipped besides Allaah) and Musliman (a true Muslim), and he was not of those who associated partners to Allaah (in worship)]- Meaning: We have reached the morning whilst being upon this blessed religion of Ibraaheem, – the friend of the most Merciful [Allaah]- the religion of Monotheism and distanced from polytheism. And indeed Allaah commanded His Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] to follow the way of Prophet Ibraaheem, saying: [قُلۡ إِنَّنِى هَدَٮٰنِى رَبِّىٓ إِلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬ دِينً۬ا قِيَمً۬ا مِّلَّةَ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ حَنِيفً۬ا‌ۚ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ – Say (O Muhammad): “Truly, my Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham), Hanifa[i.e. the true Islamic Monotheism – to believe in One God (Allah i.e. to worship none but Allah, Alone)] [6:161]

And Allaah said: [وَجَـٰهِدُواْ فِى ٱللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِۦ‌ۚ هُوَ ٱجۡتَبَٮٰكُمۡ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ فِى ٱلدِّينِ مِنۡ حَرَجٍ۬‌ۚ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمۡ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ‌ۚ – And strive hard in Allah’s Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity and with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He has chosen you (to convey His Message of Islamic Monotheism to mankind by inviting them to His religion, Islam), and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship, it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic Monotheism).[22:78]

If a servant (i.e. a Muslim) wakes up in the morning whilst being upon this blessed religion of Islamic Monotheism, then indeed he (or she) is upon a tremendous good and virtue. How beautiful and great that a Muslim begins his (or her) morning with these blessed statements.


[Source: An Excerpt from ‘Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar’ pages 35-39 parts 3&4.’ Paraphrased. Slightly paraphrased]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/we-have-reached-the-morning-whilst-being-upon-the-fitrah-of-islaam-a-supplication-of-the-morning-and-evening-i-e-before-sunrise-and-after-asr-with-short-commentary-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-bad/

Hadeeth: [O Allah, Bless My People In Their Early Mornings]- With Short Commentary By Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “O Allah, bless my people in their early mornings.” When he sent out a detachment or an army, he sent them at the beginning of the day. Sakhr was a merchant, and he would send off his merchandise at the beginning of the day; and he became rich and had much wealth. [Sunan Abu Dawud Hadith Number 2606. Declared authentic by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in his checking of Sunan abu Dawud]

Few Points of Benefit Related to the Above Hadeeth

This shows the importance of this time period. the greatness of the blessings and goodness with it.  The Salaf used to dislike sleeping during this time, in order not to waste it in laziness and weakness. Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said that the Salaf disliked sleeping between after Fajr prayer and Sunrise because it is a time in which great benefit is obtained. And even when they stayed up late at night [i.e. in worship], they still stayed up until after sunrise, for indeed it is the early part of the day and its beginning time- the time in which provision descends, the time in which one receives his portion of provision and the time in which blessings are obtained. An Excerpt from Fiqhul Ad’iyah wal-Adkaar’ pages 48-50′ parts 3&4

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/hadeeth-o-allah-bless-my-people-in-their-early-mornings-with-short-commentary-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

The A’dhaan [Call to Prayer] And Its Tremendous Reward – By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Indeed, there are numerous texts about the A’dhaan-  the call to the prayer and an announcement of its beginning time through specific wordings- in the Sunnah of the noble Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], which demonstrates its virtue, great importance, beneficial [outcomes] and worth, for both the Mu’adh-dhin and the one who hears it.

[Imam] Al-Bukhaari [rahimahullaah] reported from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudriy [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said: ‘’Whoever hears the Adhaan, whether a human being, a Jinn or any other creature will be witness for you on the Day of Judgement.’’ [Sahih Al-Bukhari Book of Adhaan. Chapter: Raising the voice in pronouncing the Adhaan. Hadeeth Number 609]

In this hadeeth, there is evidence to show that everyone who hears the voice of the Mu’adh-dhin – whether a human being, a Jinn, a tree, a stone or the animals -will bear witness for the Mu’adh-dhin on the day of judgement. And in this evidence [to show] that it is recommended to raise one’s voice when calling the Adhaan so that those who witness for him become numerous, as long as it neither strains nor harms him.

[Imaam] Al-Bukhaari and [Imaam] Muslim [rahimahumallaah] reported from Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said: ‘’Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: ‘’If the people knew [the reward for] calling the Adhaan and standing in the first row [in congregational Salat (prayers)], and found no other way except by drawing lots, they would draw lots; and if they knew [the reward of] the Dhur prayer [in the early moments of its stated time], they would race for it [go early]; and if they knew the [reward of] Ishaa and Fajr prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if they had to crawl. [Sahih Al-Bukhari Book of Adhaan.’’ [Chapter: To draw lots for pronouncing the Adhaan. Hadeeth Number 615 & Sahih Muslim Number 427]

[Imaam] Al-Bukhaari and Muslim reported from Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] that the Messenger of Allaah  [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: ‘’When A’dhaan is called, Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the A’dhaan. When the A’dhaan is completed he comes back, and again take to his heels when the Iqaamah is called; and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person [to divert his attention from his prayer] and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed.’’ [Sahih al-Bukhaari Book of Adhaan. Chapter: Superiority of the Adhaan. Hadeeth Number 608]

The hadeeth shows that the A’dhaan repels the shaytaan, and that when he hears it he runs away in terror in order not to hear it. And when the A’dhaan finishes he comes back to whisper to the performer of the prayer in order to ruin his prayer.  The texts showing the virtues of the A’dhaan are many.

What Should Muslim Do When the Adhaan Is Heard? When a Muslim hears the call [i.e. the A’dhaan] it is recommended that he says the same as uttered by the Mu’adh-dhin. It is reported in  Saheeh Muslim from Umar Ibnul Khattaab [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said: ‘’The Messenger of Allaah  [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘When the Mu’adh-dhin says: ‘Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest’, then you should say: ‘Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest’; (and when the Mu’adh-dhin) says: ‘I testify that there is no god worthy of worship except Allaah’, you should say: ‘I testify that there is no god worthy of worship except Allaah’; and when he says: ‘I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’, you should say: ‘I testify that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger.’ When he (the Mu’adh-dhin) says: ‘Hayya Alas Salaah- Come to prayer’, you should say: ‘[لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ  – There is no might and no power except with Allaah].’ When he (the Mu’adh-dhin) says: ‘[Hayya Alal Falaah- Come to success]’, you should say: ‘[لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ   -There is no might and no power except with Allaah]’; and when he (the Mu’adh-dhin) says: ‘Allah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest’, then you should say: ‘Allaah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.’ When he (the Mu’adh-dhin) says: ‘There is no god worthy of worship except Allaah’, and he (i.e. the person) says ‘There is no god worthy of worship except Allaah’ (sincerely) from his heart, he will enter Paradise.’’’ [Sahih Muslim Number 385]

In this, there is virtue related to [the deed of the one who] listens the A’dhaan and to repeat its words as the Mu’adh-dhin utters them – saying the same as he says in all the statements, except when he says Hayya Alas Salaah and Hayya Alal Falaah, for one should then say: [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ ]. That is because the statement of the Mu’adh-dhin “Hayya alas Salaah” is a call for the people to come and perform the prayer and his statement “Hayyaa Alal Falaah” is a call for them to come and receive its reward. So when a Muslim says: [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ  ] after hearing the Mu’adh-dhin say “Hayyaa Alas Salaah and Hayyaa Alal Falaah”, he is seeking aid and assistance from Allaah to enable him to [perform the prayer and receive its reward]. And regarding the statement: ‘’Sincerely from his heart’’; this is proof that sincerity is a condition to be fulfilled because it is a basis by way of which deeds and statements [related to worship] are accepted.

Supplication After the Mu’adh-dhin finishes The Adhaan

Imaam Al Bukhaari reported from Jaabir Bin Abdillaah [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: Whoever after listening to the Adhaan says: [اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ، وَالصَّلَاةِ الْقَائِمَةِ، آتِ مُحَمَّداً الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَاماً مَحْمُوداً الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ – O Allaah! Lord of this perfect call (i.e. this call regarding not to ascribe partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established!] Kindly give Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) Al-Waseelah (highest position in Paradise) and [Al-Fadhilah (extra degree of honour) and raise him to Maqam Mahmud (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection) which You have promised him], then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day Resurrection]. [Sahih Al-Bukhaari Book of Adhaan. Chapter: Invocation at the time of Adnaan. Hadeeth Number 614]


[Source: An Excerpt from (   فقه الأدعية والأذكار ) –pages 126- 130. Sections 3 & 4 Publisher: Daar Kunooz. 1st Ed 1426 AH (Year 2005) slightly paraphrased]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/the-adhaan-call-to-prayer-and-its-tremendous-reward-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

Why Are The Gatherings Where Allaah Is Remembered Considered to Be The Purest, Noblest, Most Beneficial And Loftiest Gatherings- [By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The purest, noblest, most beneficial and loftiest gatherings are the gatherings  where Allaah is remembered. They are the loftiest in the sight of Allaah. Many texts have been reported regarding the virtues of the gatherings of Dhikr- that they give life to heart [i.e. obedience to Allaah and the Messenger], increase Eemaan, rectification and purification for a person, unlike the gatherings of heedlessness because a person does not retire from them except [being afflicted by] a decrease in Eemaan and weakness in the heart, and that will be a cause of loss and regret [on the day of judgement].

The Salaf [pious predecessors] used to give great importance to the gatherings of Dhikr. Abdullaah Bin Rawaahah [radiyallaahu anhu] used to hold a group of his companions by the hand and say: ‘’Come let us [re-revitalise, strengthen etc] our Eemaan; come let us remember Allaah and increase in Eemaan by obeying Allaah, so that perhaps He will remember us by way of His forgiveness.’’

Umayr Al-Khatamiy [radiyallaahu anhu] used to say, “Eemaan increases and decreases”, so he was asked, ‘’What increases and decreases it?’’ He said, ‘’When we remember Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic], praise and glorify Him, that is [a cause] of its increase; and when we are heedless, negligent and  forgetful, that is [a cause] of its decrease.’’

Indeed, the gatherings of Dhikr are the gardens of paradise in this worldly life. Imaam Ahmad, Imaam Tirmidhee and others have reported from Anas Bin Maalik [radiyallaahu anhu] that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’When you go past the gatherings of Paradise, then graze as you like.” They said, “What are the gardens of Paradise?” He said, “The Circles of Dhikr.”

Ibn Abee Dunyaa, Al-Haakim and others reported the Hadeeth of Jaabir Bin Abdillaah who said, ‘’Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] came to us and said, ‘O people! Graze in the gardens of paradise’; we said, ‘O Allaah’s Messenger! What are the gardens of paradise?’ He said, ‘The gatherings of Dhikr.’’’

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said, “Whoever wants a to live in the gardens of paradise in this worldly life, then let him stay in the gatherings of Dhikr, for indeed they are gardens of paradise.’’ [Al-Waabilus Sayyib. page 145]

The gatherings of Dhikr are the gatherings of the angels, because they do not have gatherings in the worldly life except gatherings in which Allaah [The Exalted] is mentioned. Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said:  Allaah’s Messenger said, ‘’Allaah has some angels who look for those who remember (glorify the Praises of) Allaah on the roads and paths. And when they find some people remembering (glorifying the Praises of) Allah, they call each other, saying, ‘Come to the object of your pursuit.’’ He added, ‘’Then the angels encircle them with their wings up to the nearest heaven to us.’’ He added, ‘’[After those people remembered (glorified the Praises of) Allah, and the angels go back to Allah], their Lord asks them (those angels) – though He knows better than them –‘What do My slaves say?’ The angels reply, ‘They say: Subhãn Allah, Allahu-Akbar, and Al-Hamdu-lillãh’. Allah then says, ‘Did they see Me?’ The angels reply, ‘No! By Allaah, they didn’t see You.’ Allah says, ‘How it would have been if they saw me?’ The angels reply, ‘If they saw You, they would worship You more devoutly and remember You (glorify Your Praises) more deeply, and declare Your freedom from any resemblance to anything more often.’ Allah says (to the angels), ‘What do they ask Me for?’ The angels reply, ‘They ask You for Paradise.’ Allah says (to the angels), ‘Did they see it?’ The angels say, ‘No! By Allah, O Lord! They did not see it.’ Allah says, ‘How it would have been if they saw it?’ The angels say, ‘If they saw it, they would have greater yearning for it and would seek it with greater zeal and would have greater desire for it.’ Allah says, ‘From what do they seek refuge?’ The angels reply, ‘They seek refuge from the (Hell) Fire.’ Allah says, ‘Did they see it?’ The angels say, ‘No! By Allah, O Lord! They did not see it.’ Allah says, ‘How it would have been if they saw it?’ The angels say, ‘If they saw it they would flee from it with the extreme fleeing and would have extreme fear from it.’ Then Allah says, ‘I make you witnesses that I have forgiven them.’’’ (Allah’s Messenger ; added:) ‘’One of the angels would say, ‘There was so-and-so amongst them, and he was not one of them, but he had just come for some need.’ Allah would say, ‘These are those people whose companions will not be reduced to misery.’’’ [Bukhaari 6408]

The gatherings of Dhikr are gatherings of the angels and gatherings of heedlessness are gatherings of the devils. The gatherings of Dhikr protect a person from loss and regret on the day of judgement, unlike the gatherings of heedlessness, for ìndeed they will be a cause of loss and regret on the day of judgement. Abu Daawud reported -with a ‘Hasan chain’ of transmission- from Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] who said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: ‘’The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: If anyone sits at a place where he does not remember Allah, deprivation [i.e. he’ll be deprived of reward] will descend on him from Allah; and if he lies at a place where he does not remember Allah, deprivation will descend on him from Allah.’’ [Abu Daawud. Number 4856]

Abu Sa’id Khudri reported that Mu’awiya went to a circle in the mosque and said: ‘’What makes you sit here? They said: ‘We are sitting here in order to remember Allah.’ He said: ‘I adjure you by Allah (to tell me whether you are sitting here for this very purpose)?’ They said: ‘By Allah, we are sitting here for this very purpose’. Thereupon, he said: ‘I have not demanded you to take an oath, because of any allegation against you and there is none of my rank -in the eyes of Allah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]- a narrator of so few ahadith as I am. The fact is that Allah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] went out to the circle of his Companions and said: ‘What makes you sit?’ They said: ‘We are sitting here in order to remember Allah and to praise Him for He guided us to the path of Islam and He conferred favours upon us.’ Thereupon he adjured by Allah and asked if that only was the purpose of their sitting there. They said: ‘By Allah, we are not sitting here but for this very purpose’, whereupon he (the Messenger) said: ‘I am not asking you to take an oath because of any allegation against you but for the fact that Gabriel came to me and he informed me that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, was talking to the angels about your magnificence.”  This is [one of the proofs] regarding the nobility of Dhikr in the sight of Allaah. Allaah loves it and it has status that distinguishes it from other acts of worship.

The gatherings of Dhikr bring about tranquillity, mercy and the angel encircle with their wings around those who remember Allaah. Agharr Abi Muslim reported: ‘’I bear witness to the fact that both Abu Huraira and Abu Sa’id Khudri were present when Allah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: ‘The people do not sit but they are surrounded by angels and covered by Mercy, and there descends upon them tranquillity as they remember Allah, and Allah makes a mention of them to those who are near Him.’’’ [Muslim Number: 2700]

The gatherings of Dhikr are a great means of restraining one’s tongue,  protecting it from backbiting, tale carrying, lies, lewd speech and falsehood, for indeed it is inevitable that a person will speak, so if he does not speak through remembrance of Allaah- by mentioning Allaah’s commandments and about something good and beneficial, then it is inevitable that he will speak about forbidden things or some of them. Therefore, whoever makes it a habit for his tongue to remember Allaah, he will protect his tongue from falsehood and idle speech. And whoever deprive his tongue of remembrance of Allaah, he will utter falsehood, idle speech and lewdness. [Source: Excerpt from ‘Fiqhul Ad-iyah Wal-Ad-kaar.’ Pages 27-31. Slightly paraphrased]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/why-are-the-gatherings-where-allaah-is-remembered-considered-to-be-the-purest-noblest-most-beneficial-and-loftiest-gatherings-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

Wisdom Behind Istighfaar After The Salaah [i.e. after Tasleem] – By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The wisdom behind [الاستغفار – (i.e. saying: أستغفر الله three times)] after Salaah is to manifest the soul’s wrongdoing – that the slave [i.e. the performer of the prayer] did not fulfil the rights of the prayer, neither completely nor perfectly in the manner it is obligated. It has to be the case that he did fall into some deficiency, shortcoming and negligence; therefore, he seeks forgiveness in the hope that his shortcoming is relinquished and so that his Istighfaar [i.e. seeking forgiveness] can be a means of remedying the deficiency or shortcoming in his prayer.

[An Excerpt from ‘Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar’ page 171′ parts 3&4 by Sh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/wisdom-behind-istighfaar-after-the-salaah-i-e-after-tasleem-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

One Who Remembers Allaah a Lot Is Declared to Be Truthful By Allaah And Whoever Alllaah Declares to Be Truthful Will Not Be Resurrected With The Liars – [By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

One of the benefits of Dhikr is that it is a reason behind one being declared truthful by Allaah, because indeed the one who remembers Allaah [is in reality] speaking about Allaah’s Perfect Attributes and Exalted Characteristics. So, when a person speaks about [Allaah’s Perfect Attributes and Exalted Characteristics], Allaah declares that what he [i.e. the person] says is true, and whoever is declared truthful by Allaah will not be resurrected with the liars; rather it is hoped that he will be resurrected with the truthful ones. Abee Ishaaq narrated from Al-A’ghar Bin Muslim who bore witness that Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] bore witness that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said:

“When the servant says, ‘Laa ilaaha illal-laah Wa Allahu Akbar [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and Allaah is the Most Great],’ Allaah says, ‘My servant has spoken the truth; none has the right to be worshipped except I, and I am the Most Great.’ When he says, ‘Laa ilaaha Illal laahu Wahdahu [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone]’, Allaah says, ‘My servant has spoken the truth; none has the right to be worshipped except I, alone.’ When he says, Laa ilaha Ilal laah, laa Shareekalahu [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, He has no partner or (associate)],’ Allah says, ‘My servant has spoken the truth; none has the right to be worshipped except I, and I have no partner (or associate).’ When he says, ‘Laa ilaaha illal laah, lahul Mulku Wa lahul Hamdu [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, all dominion is His and all praise is to Him],’ Allaah says, ‘My servant has spoken the truth; none has the right to be worshipped except I, all dominion is Mine and all praise is due to Me.’ When he says: ‘ Laa ilaaha illal laa, laa hawla wa la quwwata illaa billah [None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and there is no power and nor strength (given to anything to move or alternate from one state to another except by the will of) Allaah],’ Allah says, ‘My servant has spoken the truth; none has the right to be worshipped except I, and there is no power and nor strength (given to anything to move or alternate from one state to another except by My Will)].’ One of the narrators Abu Ishaq said: “Then A’gharr said something that I did not understand. I said to Abu Jafar: ‘What did he say?’ He said: ‘Whoever is blessed with [the ability to say] them [i.e. these words] at the time of death, the Fire will not touch him.’” [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Number 3794. Sunan Tirmidhee 3430. Silsilah Al-Hadeeth As-Saheehah. Number 1390]

From the benefits of Dhikr is that profuse remembrance of Allaah is a safeguard against hypocrisy, for indeed the hypocrites remember Allaah very little. Allaah said about the hypocrites: [وَلَا يَذۡكُرُونَ ٱللَّهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬  – And they do not remember Allah but little]. [Surah An-Nisaa Aayah 142]

Ka’b said: “Whoever remembers Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] a lot, he will be free from hypocrisy.’’ And perhaps this is why Allaah ended Surah Al-Munaafiqoon with the statement: [ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُلۡهِكُمۡ أَمۡوَٲلُكُمۡ وَلَآ أَوۡلَـٰدُڪُمۡ عَن ذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَمَن يَفۡعَلۡ ذَٲلِكَ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ – O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that, then they are the losers]. [Surah Al-Munaafiqoon. Aayah 9]

This is because [the Aayah] contains a warning against the Fitna of the hypocrites, who are heedless of Allaah’s remembrance and thus fall into hypocrisy. Little remembrance of Allaah is one of the signs of hypocrisy, therefore profuse remembrance of Allaah is a safeguard against hypocrisy.

From the benefits of Dhikr is that it is a healing for the hearts and a remedy for its diseases. Mak’hool Bin Abdillaah [rahimahullaah] said, “Mentioning Allaah [i.e. Dhikr] is a remedy [i.e. it purifies the heart] and mentioning the people [i.e. by way of impermissible speech] is a disease.’’ Also Dhikr removes hardness of the heart, for there is a hardness in the heart that cannot go away except by way of Dhikr. A man came to Hasan Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] and said, “O Abaa Sa’eed! I complain to you about the hardness of my heart”, he said, “Expel it through remembrance of Allaah.”

From the benefits of Dhikr is that Allaah will be a close ally of the one who remembers Him. Allaah will love, support and grant him Tawfeeq [i.e. guide him and enable him to act upon that guidance], just as Allaah said:[ [إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّقَواْ وَّٱلَّذِينَ هُم مُّحۡسِنُونَ  – Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (i.e. He grants them aid and assistance (ref1), and those who are Muhsinoon (good-doers)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 128]

Allaah said: [وَٱللَّهُ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ   – And Allah is with the patient ones (i.e. He grants them aid and assistance (Ref2)] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 249]

Allaah said: [وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَمَعَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ – And verily, Allah is with the good doers (i.e. He grants them aid and assistance (Ref 3)]. [Surah Al-Ankabut. Aayah 69]

The one who remembers Allaah has a great share of this, just as it has been reported in a Hadeeth Qudsee: “Allaah says: ‘I am with My slave  when he remembers Me and his lips move whilst mentioning Me. [i.e. I grant him aid, assistance, help and Tawfeeq [guide him and grant him the ability to act upon that guidance(Ref 4)] ’’ [Ibn Maajah 3792]

From the benefits of Dhikr is that it brings about blessings [or bounties] and repels vengeance. There’s nothing that earns a person blessing and repels vengeance [from him] in a manner [more effective] than remembrance of Allaah. Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُدَٲفِعُ عَنِ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ‌ۗ   – Truly, Allah defends those who believe]. [Surah Hajj. Aayah 38]

Allaah’s defence for a person is based on the strength of the person’s Eemaan and its perfection, and the essence of Eemaan and its strength is remembrance of Allaah. So whoever’s Eemaan is more perfect and his remembrance is more [than that of others], then his share will be greater [i.e. he’ll receive more protection from Allaah]. [Source: Fiqhul Ad-iyah Wal Ad-kaar. Pages 22-24. Sections 1 & 2. Slightly paraphrased]


Refs 1, 2 & 3: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer; Ref 4: Shurooh Sunan Ibn Maajah [As-Suyootee, Al-Hindee, Ad-Dehlawiy…Page1376. Kitab Al-Adab]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/one-who-remembers-allaah-a-lot-is-declared-to-be-truthful-by-allaah-and-whoever-alllaah-declares-to-be-truthful-will-not-be-resurrected-with-the-liars-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafid/

Special Event: The Nullifiers of Islam with Dr Abdulilah Lahmami Fri 29th & Sat 30th November

A Weekend of Knowledge

The Nullifiers of Islam

by Sh. Muhmmad B. AbdulWahhab

📖 Book Study with Dr Abdulilah Lahmami

4 Lessons
– Friday 8pm
– Saturday 1pm, 3pm, 5:30pm

Live at the Masjid | Men’s & Women’s Side open
Broadcast on SunnahRadio.net

Please note: This lesson will be completed before the regular Saturday Class at 8pm.

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/special-event-the-nullifiers-of-islam-with-dr-abdulilah-lahmami-fri-29th-sat-30th-november/

Seven Tremendous Benefits of Dhikr – By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] 

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Indeed, Dhikr [remembrance of Allaah] protects a person from shaytaan. Whoever leaves Dhikr, shaytaan will accompany him in that manner in which a person is accompanied by his shadow. Allaah said: [  وَمَن يَعۡشُ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ نُقَيِّضۡ لَهُ ۥ شَيۡطَـٰنً۬ا فَهُوَ لَهُ ۥ قَرِينٌ-And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur’an and worship of Allah), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satan – devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him]. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Aayah 36]

A person is not able to protect himself from shaytaan except through remembrance of Allaah and this one of the magnificent benefits of Dhikr. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] mentioned – in his book titled Al-Waabilus Sayyib – over seventy benefits of Dhikr, and from them are: [1] Dhikr brings joy, happiness and relaxation in the heart of a person. It makes the heart calm and tranquil, just as Allaah [The Most High] said:

ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَتَطۡمَٮِٕنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ أَلَا بِذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ تَطۡمَٮِٕنُّ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ

Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest. [Surah Ar-Ra’d. Aayah 28].

And the meaning of Allaah’s statement [وَتَطۡمَٮِٕنُّ قُلُوبُهُم – and whose hearts find rest] is that the distress and unease in their hearts will cease and are replaced with cheerfulness, joy and relaxation. And the meaning of Allaah’s statement [أَلَا بِذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ تَطۡمَٮِٕنُّ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ – Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest] is that it has to be the case that nothing else can bring [sound and everlasting] tranquillity [to the heart] except remembrance of Allaah; rather remembrance of Allaah [is the only thing that will give the heart a life based on Eemaan, truth, sincerity, sound guidance, love of good and good deeds, hatred of evil and keeping away from it etc], and [it is the only thing that will nurture] the soul [i.e. in order for it to attain all virtue]. If a person is deprived of remembrance of Alaah, his state is similar to a body that is deprived of its [essential] nourishment. There’s no  life [based upon virtue] for the heart except through remembrance of Allaah. And because of this Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’The heart’s [need of] Dhikr is like a fish’s [need] for water, so what will be the state of a fish when isolated from the water!”

[2]When a person remembers Allaah, Allaah remembers him. Allaah said:[فَٱذۡكُرُونِىٓ أَذۡكُرۡكُمۡ– Therefore remember Me [through acts of obedience], I will remember you [by forgiving you].[Ref1] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 152]

Narrated Aba Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu]: The Prophet [sallal laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said that Allaah says, ‘’Whoever remembers Me in himself, I too, remember him in Myself; and if he remembers Me in a group of people, I remember him in a group that is better than them.’’ [Al-Bukhaari 7405]

[3] From the benefits of Dhikr is that it prevents one from committing sins, wipes away sins and saves a person from Allaah’s punishment. Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’The son of Aadam never performs an act that [brings grants] him safety from Allaah’s punishment more than the remembrance of Allaah [The Exalted].’’ [Saheeh Al-Jaami. Number 5633]

[4] From the benefits of Dhikr is that it earns a person Allaah’s favour, reward and grace [in a way] that a person cannot earn through other acts of worship, even though it [i.e. Dhikr] is the easiest act of worship. That is because moving the tongue is easier than moving the other limbs, for if the movement of the other limbs – day and night – was to be carried out in the same way as the movement of the tongue, a person will face great difficulty; rather he will not be able to do so, but still the reward of Dhikr [with the tongue] carries great good recompense and abundant reward. Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] said that the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’If one says one hundred times in a day: ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, the (Alone), He is the One and has no partner; to Him belongs the kingdom [of the universe] and for Him are all the praises, and He has the power to do everything (the Omnipotent)”, one will get the reward of manumitting ten slaves, and one hundred good deeds will be written in his account, and one hundred bad deeds will be wiped off or erased from his account, and on that day he will be protected from the morning till evening from Satan, and nobody will be superior to him except one who has done more than that which he did.’’ [Al-Bukhaari Numbers 3293 & 6403; Muslim 2691]

The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’Whoever says, ‘Subhaanallaahi Wabi-hamdihee  one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his [minor] sins even if they were as much as the foam of the sea.’’ [Al-Bukhaari. Number 6405]

Abu Hurairah[radiyallaahu anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’To say Subhaanallaah, wal-hamadulil laah, Laa Ilaaha Ilal laah and Wallaahu Akbar is more beloved to me than everything over which the sun rises.” [Saheeh Muslim 2695]

[5] From the benefits of Dhikr is that the plants in Jannah grow by way of it. Paradise- as it has been reported in a hadeeth – is a vast plain with fertile soil and sweet water, and remembrance of Allaah is what makes its plants grow. Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’On the night I was taken up to the heavens, I met Ibraaheem Al-Khaleel [alayhis salaam], so he said to me, ‘O Muhammad! Convey my salaams to your Ummah and tell them that Jannah has fertile soil and sweet water, and it is a Qee’aan [i.e. a plain levelled land], and its cultivation [i.e. what makes its plants grow] is the [utterance] of Subhaanallaah, Alhamdulillaah, Laa ilaaha illallaah and Allaahu Akbar.’’’ [As-Saheehah 105]

Abu Ayyoub Al-Ansaariy [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that when Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] met Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] on the night in which he was taken up to the heavens, [Ibraaheem (alayhis salaam)] said, ‘O Jibreel! Who is with you?’ He [Jibreel (alayhis salaam)] said, ‘This is Muhammad.’’ So, he [Ibraaheem (alayhis salaam)] said, ‘Convey to your Ummah that they increase in what cultivates [the plants of] Jannah, for indeed its soil is fertile and its land is vast.’ So he [Allaah’s Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)] said, ‘What is its [means] of cultivation?’ He [Ibraaheem (alayhis salaam)] said, ‘The statement: Laa Hawla Walaa Quwwata Illaa Billaah.’’’ [Musnad Imaam ahmad 5/418. This hadeeth is a witness for the hadeeth before it]

Jaabir [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘’Whoever says Subhaanallaahi Wabihamdihee, a palm tree will be planted for him in paradise.’’ [Saheeh Al-Jaami. Number 6429]

[6] From the benefits of Dhikr is that it is a light for the person in this Dunyah, in his grave and in the hereafter. It [i.e. this light] will be running forward in front of him when he crosses the bridge of Siraat. There is nothing that illuminates the heart and the grave in a manner similar to Dhikr. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [أَوَمَن كَانَ مَيۡتً۬ا فَأَحۡيَيۡنَـٰهُ وَجَعَلۡنَا لَهُ ۥ نُورً۬ا يَمۡشِى بِهِۦ فِى ٱلنَّاسِ كَمَن مَّثَلُهُ ۥ فِى ٱلظُّلُمَـٰتِ لَيۡسَ بِخَارِجٍ۬ مِّنۡہَا‌ۚ – Is he who was dead (without Faith by ignorance and disbelief) and We gave him life (by knowledge and Faith) and set for him a light (of Belief) whereby he can walk amongst men, like him who is in the darkness (of disbelief, polytheism and hypocrisy) from which he can never come out?] [Surah Al-An’aam Aayah 122]

The first person is a believer who is [given insight, clear guidance etc] through the light of Eemaan, love of Allaah, knowledge and awareness of Allaah and remembrance of Allaah. The second person is a heedless person who is heedless of Allaah, turns away from remembrance of Allaah and love of Allaah. [Indeed], absolute success is [achieved as a result of the] light of [Eemaan, Allaah’s guidance etc] and absolute wretchedness [befalls a person as a result of] missing this light. And due to this, the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] used to ask Allaah:  “O Allah! place light in my heart, light in my hearing, light in my sight, light on my right, light on my left, light in front of me, light behind me, light above me, light below me, make light for me.’’ [Muslim 763] Dhikr is a light for a person’s face and body parts, light for him in his worldly [affairs], in the grave and on the day of resurrection.

[7] From the benefits of Dhikr is that [by way of a it], a person earns [Allaah’s blessings, forgiveness, praise and benevolence] and the angels [supplicate for him and ask Allaah to forgive him]. And whoever [receives this from] Allaah and the angels, then indeed he will be successful. Allaah said:

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱذۡكُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ ذِكۡرً۬ا كَثِيرً۬ا

وَسَبِّحُوهُ بُكۡرَةً۬ وَأَصِيلاً

هُوَ ٱلَّذِى يُصَلِّى عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتُهُ ۥ لِيُخۡرِجَكُم مِّنَ ٱلظُّلُمَـٰتِ إِلَى ٱلنُّورِۚ وَڪَانَ بِٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ رَحِيمً۬ا

O you who believe! Remember Allaah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. He it is Who sends [blessings, forgiveness, praise and benevolence] on you, and His angels too [supplicate for you and ask Allaah to forgive you(Ref2)], that He may bring you out from darkness [of disbelief and polytheism] into light [of Belief and Islamic Monotheism]. And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayaat 41-43] [Fiqhul Ad-iyah Wal Ad-kaar. pages 17-21. sections 1 & 2. slightly paraphrased]

Refs 1 & 2: Source: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer- By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi [rahimahullaah]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/seven-tremendous-benefits-of-dhikr-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah/

Love, Fear And Hope: [The Three Pillars of Worship of The Heart]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Believers Worship Allaah With Love

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ أَندَاداً يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللّهِ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلّهِ

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). [2:165]

Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: The (true) believers love Allaah more than the love that the idol worshippers have for the partners they associate with Allaah in worship. That is because they [believers] have a pure and sincere love for Allaah; as for the Mushrikoon, they associate partners to Allaah in worship out of the love they have for their false objects of worship. The believers love The One [Allaah] who deserves true love in reality, for true love of Allaah is the very thing upon which depends the rectification of a person, his happiness and success. As for the Mushrikoon, they love those who are not worthy of being given any love, rather having love for such things is the very reason behind wretchedness, corruption and loss. [Ref 1]

The Believers Worship Allaah with Fear and Hope!

Allaah (The Most High) said:

إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَيَدْعُونَنَا رَغَبًا وَرَهَبًا ۖ وَكَانُوا لَنَا خَاشِعِينَ

Verily, they (i.e. Prophets) used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us. [21:90]

Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: They used to hasten towards the performance of good deeds and carried them out in the most virtuous times. They carried out those good deeds in a befitting manner and in the manner it is obligated. They never left a virtuous deed they were able to perform; rather they took the opportunity to perform it. And they used to call upon Allaah with Hope and Fear – asking Allaah for those good things that are desired in the worldly life and afterlife. And they used to seek Allaah’s Refuge from those frightening things which bring about harm in this life and the next. So they had fear and hope, and they were not heedless, inattentive and arrogant. [Ref 2]

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahulllaah] said: Indeed, remembrance of Allaah and drawing close to Him through righteous deeds and statements cannot be accepted by Allaah unless the worshipper fulfils them based on three Pillars, and they are: Love, fear and hope. These three pillars are the pillars of servitude of the heart and no act of worship is accepted except through them. Allaah [جلّ وعلا] is to be worshipped out of love of Him, hoping for His reward and fearing His punishment. Allaah [The Blessed and Most High] mentioned these pillars of worship in Surah Al-Faatihah which is the best Surah of the Qur’aan.

Love as a pillar of worship is found in statement [الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ – All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)]. That is because Allaah is the Bestower of all favours [or blessings] and the Bestower of blessings [or favours] is loved in accordance with the favours [or blessings] He bestows, and [الْحَمْدُ] is to praise alongside having love for the one who is praised.

Hope as a pillar of worship is found in the statement [الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ -The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful]. That is because the believer hopes for Allaah’s Mercy and desires its attainment.

Fear as a pillar of worship is found in the statement [مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين -The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)]. [يَوْمِ الدِّين – The Day of Recompense] is the day of reckoning.

Then the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ – You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)] follows thereafter, which means: O our Lord! We worship You based on those aforementioned pillars- love, hope and fear. These are the three pillars upon which[إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ   is established. They have also been mentioned in Surah Al-Israa Ayah 57:

[أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدۡعُونَ يَبۡتَغُونَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمُ ٱلۡوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّہُمۡ أَقۡرَبُ وَيَرۡجُونَ رَحۡمَتَهُ ۥ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ إِنَّ عَذَابَ   -Those whom they call upon [like ‘Iesa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angel, etc.] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they [‘Iesa (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angels, etc.] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment].

In the above Ayah, the statement ”desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allah)”  means seeking to get close to Allaah through love and doing what He loves. Then Allaah stated, ”(They) hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment”. Therefore in this Ayah, love, fear and hope are mentioned, and likewise stated in Surah Al-Anbiyaa: [إِنَّهُمۡ ڪَانُواْ يُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِى ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَيَدۡعُونَنَا رَغَبً۬ا وَرَهَبً۬ا‌ۖ وَڪَانُواْ لَنَا خَـٰشِعِينَ – Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us].

Therefore, a slave (i.e. the one who worships Allaah alone) must combine these three pillars [love, fear and hope] in his (or her) acts of worship and remembrance of Allaah. It is not permissible to worship Allaah with only one of them without the others, such as worshipping Allaah with love alone without fear and hope, or worshipping Allaah with hope alone, or worshipping Allaah with fear alone. And due to this, some of the scholars said, ”Whoever worships Allaah with love alone is a heretic and whoever worships Allaah with fear alone is a Harooree (i.e. from the Khaarij), and whoever worships Allaah with hope alone is a Murji, and whoever worships Allaah with love, fear and hope is a believer and person of Tawheed. [End of quote Ref 3]

Shaikh Saaheh Al-Fawzaan [hafidhahullaah] said: We should know that fear of Allah should be combined with love and hope, so that fear does not become a cause of giving up hope in Allaah’s Mercy. A believer should have both fear of Allaah and hope in Allaah’s Mercy, so that fear alone does not lead him to give up hope in Allaah’s mercy, nor will hope alone make feel secure from Allaah’s plan. That is because giving up hope in Allaah’s Mercy and feeling secure from Allaah’s plan are two affairs that negate perfect Tawheed.  Allaah [The Most High] said: [فَلَا يَأۡمَنُ مَڪۡرَ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا ٱلۡقَوۡمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ – None feels secure from the Plan of Allah except the people who are the losers]. [7:99]

And Allaah [The Most High] said: [إِنَّهُ ۥ لَا يَاْيۡـَٔسُ مِن رَّوۡحِ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا ٱلۡقَوۡمُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرُونَ – Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.” [12:87]

And Allaah said: [ وَمَن يَقۡنَطُ مِن رَّحۡمَةِ رَبِّهِۦۤ إِلَّا ٱلضَّآلُّونَ – “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray. [15:56] Ismaa’eel Ibn Raafi (rahimahullaah) said, ”Feeling secure from Allaah’s plan is when the slave is persistent in committing sin, whilst hoping for Allaah’s forgiveness’’. The Scholars (rahimahumullaah) say, ”Despair is to distance oneself from having hope for relief and losing hope in that, and it is the opposite of feeling secure from Allaah’s plan. Both these two affairs are a great sin. It is neither permissible for a believer to adhere to fear alone, and thus despairs of Allaah’s Mercy, nor should he adhere to hope alone, and thus feels secure from Allaah’s punishment; rather he should have fear and hope – fearful due to his sins, performs acts of obedience to Allaah and hopes for Allaah’s Mercy, just as Allaah [The Most High] stated:

إِنَّهُمۡ ڪَانُواْ يُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِى ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَيَدۡعُونَنَا رَغَبً۬ا وَرَهَبً۬ا‌ۖ وَڪَانُواْ لَنَا خَـٰشِعِينَ

Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us. [21:90]

And Allaah said: [ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدۡعُونَ يَبۡتَغُونَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمُ ٱلۡوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّہُمۡ أَقۡرَبُ وَيَرۡجُونَ رَحۡمَتَهُ ۥ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحۡذُورً۬ا – Those whom they call upon [like ‘Iesa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angel, etc.] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they [‘Iesa (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angels, etc.] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is something to be afraid of! [17:57]

When fear of Allaah and hope in Allaah are combined, it urges a slave (i.e. a worshipper of Allaah) to perform deeds and utilise the beneficial means to that; for indeed alongside having hope in Allaah’s Mercy, he performs acts of obedience and hopes for reward; and by way of fear, he abandons disobedience due to being fearful of Allaah’s punishment. But if he despairs of Allaah’s Mercy, he may stop performing righteous deeds, and if he feels secure from Allaah’s punishment, he is pushed towards acts of disobedience. [Ref 4]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam Sadi’. Slightly paraphrased]; [Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam Sadi. Slightly Paraphrased]; [Ref 3: Source: Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal-Adkaar’ page 99-100′ parts 1&2′ by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him)]; [Ref 4: Source: ‘Al-Irshaad Ilaa Saheeh Al-I’tiqaad War-Raddu Alaa Ahlish-Shirki Wal-Ilhaad’ pages 85 onwards’ by Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him). Publisher: Daarul Aa’simah’ 1st ed  (Year 1423AH- year 2002]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/11/love-fear-and-hope-the-three-pillars-of-worship-of-the-heart/