Our Salaf: The Importance of Knowledge, Humility, Zuhd, Generosity, Remembrance of Allaah, Distancing Oneself From Ahlul Bidah, Truthfulness, Abstaining From Seeking Leadership, Sincerity, Contemplation Upon The Afterlife, Increase In Knowledge, Blessings Related to One’s Religious And Worldly Affairs

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Importance of Knowledge

Abu Ad-Dardaa [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: “’The Scholar and the learner are two partners [i.e. in good], the teacher and the listener are two partners [in good], the one who guides to good and the performer of the good are two partners [in good]”. [Jaami Bayaan Al-Ilm: 1/40]

Abu Hurairah (radiyallaahu-anhu) used to say: Had it not been for two Aayaat in Allaah’s Book, I would not have narrated anything to you. Indeed Allaah (The Most High) said: إِنَّ الَّذِ يَكْتُمُونَ مَاأَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَىٰ –- ”Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down….” and that which comes after it; then he (Abu Hurairah) said: Indeed the people say:”Abu Hurairah narrates a lot.” [Source: Jaami Bayaan Al-Ilm of Ibn Abdul Barr (rahimahullaah) 1/22]

It was narrated from Hasan Al-Basri (that he said) about the statement of Allaah:[وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً – And of them there are some who say: ”Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good.”[Soorah Al-Baqarah: Ayah:201] The Good in the worldly life are Knowledge and worship and Good in the Afterlife is Jannah. [Source: Jaami Bayaan Al-Ilm of Ibn Abdul Barr (rahimahullaah) 1/112]

Ibraaheem Bin Adham [rahimahullaah] said: Whoever sincerely seeks knowledge by way of which he benefits the slaves of Allaah and himself, then being unknown will be more beloved to him than bluffness. This is the one who will increase himself in humility, exertion in acts of worship, fear of Allaah and longing to (obey Allaah, carrying out His commandments, keeping away from what He has forbidden and desiring to meet Him in the afterlife), and he is humble with the people. He does not give much importance to what he goes to bed with or wakes up with (pertaining) to the things of this worldly life. [Source: Shu’ab Al-Eemaan of Imaam Bayhaqqee 2/288]

Humility:

Ash-Shabee [rahimahullaah] said: “Indeed we are not Fuqahaa; rather we listen to hadeeth and transmit it; but the Fuqahaa are those who act when they know”. [ Iqtidaa Al-Ilm Al-Amal: page 79]

Khalaf Bin Tameem [rahimahullaah] said: I saw Ath-Thawree at Makkah and many people came to him; so he said: “To Allaah do we belong! I fear that Allaah has made this Ummah to be lost when the people are in need of the likes of me”. [Siyar 7/275]

Zuhd:

Rabee’ah Ar-Ra’yi [rahimahullaah]: He was from the Fuqahaa [i.e. scholars of piety and precise understanding of the religion] of Al-Madeenah.  [Imaam] Maalik took fiqh from him and he [Rabee’ah] narrated [knowledge and hadeeth] from Anas [radiyallaahu-anhu].  He died in the year 330AH.  It was said to Rabee’ah: What is Zuhd? He said: “It is to earn things from their permissible sources and spend them in their rightful places”. [Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH: Chapter: A mention of those who followed the companions in righteousness]

Generosity:

Khushaymah [rahimahullaah]: Al-A’mash [rahimahullaah] said: “Khushaymah [rahimahullaah] inherited two hundred thousand dirhams and spent it on the poor people and the jurists.  He used to prepare khabeed [a jellylike sweet] and food, then he would invite us and Ibraaheem An-Nakha-ee, and say, “Eat what you desire; I did not prepare it except for you’’. [Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH: Chapter: A mention of those who followed the companions in righteousness]

Remembrance of Allaah:

Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Qais [rahimahullaah] said, “Does not one of you feel shy that the beast he rides and the thobe he wears are mentioned more than remembrance of Allaah”?! [Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH: Chapter: A mention of those who followed the companions in righteousness]

Distancing Oneself From Ahlul Bidah:

Aws Ibn Abdillaah Ar-Raba-iyyi Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] said, “It is more beloved to me that I sit with monkeys and pigs than sit with a man from the people of desires [i.e. the people of bidah]”. [Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH: Chapter: A mention of those who followed the companions in righteousness]

Some Characteristics of The Truthful:

Yoosuf Bin Asbaat [rahimahullaah] said, “The truthful people are granted three qualities: gracefulness, friendliness and dignity”.

 Abstaining From Desiring Leadership:

Yoosuf Bin Asbaat [rahimahullah] also said: “Abstaining from [desiring] leadership is harder than abstaining from those extra worldly things which one can do without”. [Chapter: A mention of those who followed the followers of the companions: Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH)]

He [rahimahullaah] also said, “I heard Sufyaan [rahimahullaah] saying: ‘I have not seen lesser abstinence in anything besides [love] of leadership! You see a man abstaining from food, drink, wealth and clothing, but when leadership is presented, he becomes passionate about it and turns towards [it]”. [Siyar: 7/262]

Sincerity:

He [rahimahullaah] also said: “Purifying one’s intention from what corrupts it is harder upon the worshippers than prolonged striving in [worship]”. [Jaami-ul Uloom Wal-Hikam: page:16]

Effect of Knowledge And Contemplation Upon The Afterlife

Haatim Al-Asam [rahimahullaah] said: “The knowledgeable one becomes more fearful of Allaah every day because every hour brings him closer (to death)”. [Source: Seerah As-Salaf As-Saaliheen of Imaam Ismaa’eel Ibn Muhammad Al-Asbahaanee: section: Those who followed the Taabi-een in goodness]

Increase In Knowledge:

Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah [rahimahullaah] was asked: “Who are the people most in need of seeking knowledge?” He said, “The most knowledgeable of them, because their mistakes are uglier”. [Jaami Bayaan Al-Ilm: 1/193]

Some Blessings Related to One’s Religious And Worldly Affairs:

Abu Sulaymaan Ad-Daaraanee [rahimahullaah] said: “There is no richness similar to richness of the soul; there is no relief similar to relief from sins and there is no wellbeing similar to the aid given to a person to reach guidance and acting upon it”. [Chapter: A mention of those who followed the followers of the companions: Source: Seeratus Salaf As-Saaleh by: Imaam Ismaaeel Bin Muhammad Bin Fadl Al-Asbahaanee (535AH)]

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Hadeeth: [Allaah Has Revealed to Me That You Must Be Humble Towards One Another] – With Short Commentary By Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Iyaad Bin Himaar [radiyallaahu-anhu] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] addressed them and said, Verily, Allaah has revealed to me that you must be humble towards one another, so that no one oppresses another or boasts to another”.

This great hadeeth is from the Jawaami Al-Kalim [i.e. a short statement that contains a vast meaning]. In this hadeeth, the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi Wasallam] guides us to humbleness, whose opposite is haughtiness, transgression, belittling the people and mocking at them. As for the humble person, he that one who has Islamic manners and deals with his Muslim brothers based on Islamic brotherhood- neither transgresses against them nor mocks at them; neither belittles their rights nor treats them in an evil manner through speech or action. You always see him forgoing his rights out of humility to Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted].

The heart is the place where humility resides and it manifests on the limbs through good speech, good deeds and good dealings with others, and thus a person earns abundant reward. When a Muslim possesses this quality and refrains from exalting himself above the people, then indeed he fights against its opposites, such as belittling others, looking down on the people, treating them in an evil manner through speech and action, and other than that; rather he establishes the rights of brotherhood based on Eemaan just as Islaam calls to this great quality.

This hadeeth guides one to abandon transgression and to be humble. It is [not  permissible for] anyone to transgress against another person- neither through speech nor deeds- meaning: Do not transgress against him and thus oppress him. Do not [violate] his honour, blood and wealth, and through this brotherhood based on Eemaan is established, the Muslim actualises this great quality and thus Allaah raises his status.

[An Excerpt from ”At-leeqaat Al-Maleehah Alaa Sisilah Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. Vol 1. page 92. slightly paraphrased]

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Tremendous Benefits of Sitting With Scholars And Learning Directly From Them – By Shaikh Uthaymeen  

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Shaikh Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said that from that which is obligated on a student of knowledge to comply with is that he acquires knowledge directly from the Shaikhs, for indeed he will reach -by way of that- several benefits as follows:

[1] The path to acquiring knowledge will be shortened for him, rather than him moving from one book to another whilst trying to find out the view that carries more weight [in a particular subject matter] and the reason behind it; likewise trying to find out the weak view in [that particular subject matter] and the reason behind it. Instead of going through all this, the teacher will give him what he seeks after through an easy path; present to him – two, three or more than three – different views of the people of knowledge [i.e. the scholars] together with a clarification of the view that carries more weight and the proof. Indeed, there is no doubt that this is beneficial [or advantageous] for the student [as oppose to what will bring him harm in the path of seeking knowledge].

[2] He will be facilitated with the ability to grasp a subject matter quickly, because when the student of knowledge reads to a scholar, he will grasp the subject matter many times quicker than when he reads books [on his own]. That is because when he read books, he might come across difficult and obscure statements [or expressions], so he needs contemplation and repetition, which requires time and effort, and he might understand those statements [or expressions] wrongly and then act upon them.

[3] Close connection [or attachment] between the students of knowledge and the erudite scholars- junior people of knowledge attached to senior people of knowledge.

These are from the benefits of acquiring knowledge directly from the Shaikhs. But as mentioned earlier, it is obligated on a person to choose a scholar who is reliable, trustworthy and strong – one who has real knowledge and understanding and not superficial knowledge; truthful and firm in fulfilling what is entrusted to him and known for fulfilling acts of worship, for indeed a student follows the footsteps of his teacher.

Source: See Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ pages 105-106. paraphrased.

Your feedback is welcome to improve the content of this article BaarakAllaahu Feekum

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A Noble Trait That Is Not Possessed By Everyone Attributed to Knowledge: [Imaam Yahyah Bin Yahyah An-Naysaabooriy Prolonged His Studies to Learn Manners From Imaam Maalik]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [hafidhahullaah] saaid: When one sits with the Ulamaa, he will learn – first and foremost – manners and etiquettes. The people used to travel to [Imaam] Maalik [rahimahullaah] from different regions of the earth, and one of those [people] who travelled to him was Yahyah Ibn Yahyah Al-Naysaabooriy [rahimahullaah] – the great Imaam, about whom Imaam Ahmad said, “I have not seen someone like him. He [i.e. Yahyah] read Al-Muwatta to Maalik, then he remained with him; so Maalik noticed that and [wondered] why Yahyah was still with him! So, he patiently waited and after a long time he asked Yahyah, “Why are you [still] sitting here [i. studying with me]?” He said, “To learn from your manners.”

Sadly, you see that many people refrain from coming to the scholars to acquire knowledge from them. This – and Allaah knows best – is the cause of self-deception and evil manners. And due to this, you will find that they are upon a more [severe state of] self-deception, ignorance, insolence and bad manners than others. When a person relies on himself and he is not taught by a teacher [i.e. by an upright teacher who has a recommendation to teach], but rather he teaches himself, then this is a sign of sickness. The [best and most appropriate] path is to acquire knowledge from the scholars, for they will direct you to the book that is suitable for your intellectual capacity [or level of understanding] and ability. The scholar knows and has definitely acquired experience before you. [Source: An Excerpt from Majmoo Kutub Wa Rasaa’il Wa Fataawaa Fadheelatish Shaikh Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi Umayr Al-Madkhali. Vol 1. page 37. Slightly paraphrased]

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Those Who Live In Awe Due To Fear of Allaah, Even Though They Are Foremost In Knowledge And Piety

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] said:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ هُم مِّنۡ خَشۡيَةِ رَبِّہِم مُّشۡفِقُونَ

وَٱلَّذِينَ هُم بِـَٔايَـٰتِ رَبِّہِمۡ يُؤۡمِنُونَ

وَٱلَّذِينَ هُم بِرَبِّہِمۡ لَا يُشۡرِكُونَ

وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡتُونَ مَآ ءَاتَواْ وَّقُلُوبُہُمۡ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّہُمۡ إِلَىٰ رَبِّہِمۡ رَٲجِعُونَ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِى ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَهُمۡ لَهَا سَـٰبِقُونَ

وَلَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفۡسًا إِلَّا وُسۡعَهَا‌ۖ وَلَدَيۡنَا كِتَـٰبٌ۬ يَنطِقُ بِٱلۡحَقِّ‌ۚ وَهُمۡ لَا يُظۡلَمُونَ

Verily! Those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; and those who believe in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord; And those who join not anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord; And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. offering the compulsory Salat (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times and so on]. And We tax not any person except according to his capacity, and with Us is a Record which speaks the truth, and they will not be wronged. [Surah Al-Muminoon Aayaat 57-62]

Few Reminders about the People Mentioned In the Above Aayah:

Their hearts are filled with fear due to the fear they have of their Lord. They fear that the justice of their Lord will take effect on them and thus they will be left with no good deeds. They are afraid of having a false good opinion about themselves that they have fulfilled the rights of their Lord and they fear that their Eemaan will cease. This is due to the fact that they know their Lord and what He deserves of exaltation and glory. This fear of theirs necessitates that they refrain from that which will bring about those evil consequences of sins and due to falling short in that which one has been commanded. They carry out that which they have been commanded, such as the prayer, zakat, hajj etc whilst fearing for themselves when their deeds will be presented in the presence of their Lord and on that Day in which they will stand in His presence [on the day of judgement] – fearing that their deeds will not save them from the punishment of Allaah due to their knowledge of their Lord and what He truly deserves of obedience through various types of worship. [Ref 1]

Ibraaheem At-Taymi [rahimahullaah] said: I do not compare my speech with my actions except fearing that my [speech] belies [my deeds]. Ibn Abee Mulayka [rahimahullaah] said: I met thirty Companions of the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] and each of them was afraid of hypocrisy for himself and none of them said that he was as strong in belief as the angel Jibreel or Meekaa’eel. And Al-Hasan Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] said: It is only true believers who fear nifaaq and only a munaafiq who considers himself safe [i.e. does not fear nifaaq]. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: (Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan). Abridged and paraphrased]; [Ref 2: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari Vol 1. Chapter 36. (What is said regarding) the fear of a believer that his good deeds may be annulled without his knowledge]

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Caution Against Despotic Behaviour In The Path of Knowledge!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Beware of the disease of the despots: [pride] (a); for indeed pride, avarice and [blameworthy] envy were the first [sins] Allaah was disobeyed with.(b) So raising yourself above your teacher is pride(c); and being arrogant towards the one who benefits you from amongst those who are below you [in knowledge] is pride; (d) and your falling short in acting upon knowledge is a sludge of pride and an indication of being deprived of [well-being].(c)

[a] The Prophet said: Pride is to reject the truth and mock at the people. [b] This refers to shaytaan’s behaviour when he was commanded to prostrate to Aadam, but pride prevented him from doing so. He refused and was haughty. [c] Raising oneself can either be by way of the tongue [i.e. speech] and it can also be by way of sentiments [feelings, attitude, behaviour etc]. He [i.e. the student] might be walking with his teacher, whilst swaggering and saying: I did this and I did this. [d] Likewise, being arrogant towards the one who is below you in knowledge is pride. This also occurs from some of the students. If someone below him in knowledge informs him of something, you find him arrogant and does not accept. [e] We ask Allaah for wellbeing because from the types of pride is to not act upon the knowledge one knows. [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ pages 38-40′ by Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah). slightly paraphrased]

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[1] Excerpts From Fadl Ilm As-Salaf Alaa Ilm Al-Khalaf – [Virtue or Excellence of The Knowledge of The Salaf [Pious Predecessors] Over That of Khalaf [Those Who Came After Them]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Ibn Rajab [rahimahullaah] said: All praises and thanks be to Allaah, the Lord of Aalameen [mankind, jinns and all that exists]. And may Allaah exalt and grant Muhammad a lot of peace, his family and Sahaabah. To proceed:

These are brief statements regarding the meaning of knowledge and its categorization into ‘Beneficial knowledge’, ‘Unbeneficial knowledge’, Blameworthy knowledge’ and a notification regarding the virtue of the knowledge of the Salaf [i.e. the pious predecessors] over the knowledge of the khalaf [i.e. those who came after the Salaf]. Therefore, I say- and Allaah’s aid is sought, I place my trust in Him and there is neither strength nor power except with Allaah.

The Meaning of Knowledge and Its Categorisation

Indeed, Allaah mentioned-sometimes- knowledge in His Book with praise and that is [in reference to] ‘Beneficial Knowledge’.  And at other times, He mentioned knowledge with dispraise and that is [in reference to] ‘Unbeneficial knowledge’. As for the first type [i.e. Beneficial Knowledge], then its example is mentioned in the statement of Allaah [The Most High]: [قُلۡ هَلۡ يَسۡتَوِى ٱلَّذِينَ يَعۡلَمُونَ- Are those who know equal to those who know not?] [39:9]

And the statement of Allaah [The Most High]: [شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ   – Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness)] [3:18]

And the statement of Allaah [The Most High]: [وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدۡنِى عِلۡمً۬ا   -And say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge]. [20:114]

And the statement of Allaah [The Most High]: [إِنَّمَا يَخۡشَى ٱللَّهَ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِ ٱلۡعُلَمَـٰٓؤُاْۗ – It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah]. [35:28]

And what Allaah has stated regarding the story of Aadam- when Aadam was taught the names of those things and were then presented to the Angels, so the Angels – [as Allaah informed us] – said: [سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ لَا عِلۡمَ لَنَآ إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمۡتَنَآ‌ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ – Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us]. [2:32]

And what Allaah [The Most High] has stated regarding the story of Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] and Khidr- that Moosaa said to him: [هَلۡ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰٓ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمۡتَ رُشۡدً۬ا – “May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allah)?”] [18: 66]

This is beneficial knowledge.

Indeed, [we] have been told about a people who were given knowledge but their knowledge did not benefit them; for even though this [knowledge] is actually ‘Beneficial Knowledge’, however its possessor was not benefited by it. Allaah [The Most High] said: [مَثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ حُمِّلُواْ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةَ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَحۡمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ ٱلۡحِمَارِ يَحۡمِلُ أَسۡفَارَۢا‌ۚ  – The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurat (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practise its legal laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). [Surah Al-Jumu’ah Ayah 5]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَٱتۡلُ عَلَيۡهِمۡ نَبَأَ ٱلَّذِىٓ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُ ءَايَـٰتِنَا فَٱنسَلَخَ مِنۡهَا فَأَتۡبَعَهُ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنُ فَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡغَاوِينَ  – And recite (O Muhammad ) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he threw them away, so Shaitan (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray….up to the statement of Allaah: [وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَٮٰهُ‌ۚ   – and followed his own vain desire] [Surah Al-A’raaf Aayaat 175-176]

And Allaah [The Most High] said: [فَخَلَفَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ خَلۡفٌ۬ وَرِثُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ يَأۡخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡأَدۡنَىٰ  – Then after them succeeded an (evil) generation, which inherited the Book, but they chose (for themselves) the goods of this low life (evil pleasures of this world)…[up to the statement of Allaah]: وَدَرَسُواْ مَا فِيهِ‌ۗ And they have studied what is in it (the Book). [Surah Al-Araaf Aayaat 169-170]

As for the knowledge which Allaah [The Most High] mentioned by way of dispraise, it is that which He [The Most High] mentioned regarding magic:

وَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مَا يَضُرُّهُمۡ وَلَا يَنفَعُهُمۡ‌ۚ وَلَقَدۡ عَلِمُواْ لَمَنِ ٱشۡتَرَٮٰهُ مَا لَهُ ۥ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِنۡ خَلَـٰقٍ۬‌ۚ

And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. [2:102]

And the statement of Allaah [The Most High]:

فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَرِحُواْ بِمَا عِندَهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ وَحَاقَ بِهِم مَّا كَانُواْ بِهِۦ يَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ

Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad (and proud) with that which they had of the knowledge (of worldly things): And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them (i.e. the punishment). [40:83]

And the statement of Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَعۡلَمُونَ ظَـٰهِرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَهُمۡ عَنِ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ هُمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ

They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world (i.e. the matters of their livelihood, like irrigating or sowing or reaping, etc.), and they are heedless of the Hereafter. [30:7]

Likewise, the Sunnah categorises knowledge into ‘Beneficial Knowledge ‘ and ‘Unbeneficial Knowledge’, and that [one should] seek refuge with Allaah from ‘Unbeneficial knowledge’ and to ask Allaah for ‘Beneficial Knowledge’. Imaam Muslim [rahimahullaah] reports from Zaid Ibn Arqam [radiyallaahu-anhu] that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] used to say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ وَمِنْ قَلْبٍ لَا يَخْشَعُ وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ ‏لَا تَشْبَعُ ‏ ‏وَمِنْ دَعْوَةٍ لَا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهَا

O Allaah! I seek refuge with You from knowledge that does not benefit; from a heart that fears not; from a soul that does not become satisfied and a supplication that is not answered. [Muslim 2722]


[Fadl Ilm As-Salaf Alaa Ilm Al-Khalaf’ pages 42-45. Slightly paraphrased]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/09/1-excerpts-from-fadl-ilm-as-salaf-alaa-ilm-al-khalaf-virtue-or-excellence-of-the-knowledge-of-the-salaf-pious-predecessors-over-that-of-khalaf-those-who-came-after-them/

The Teacher Should Be Eager For The Guidance of Others – By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said:

In the beginning of all the three principles, Imaam Muhammad Ibn Abdil Wahhaab [rahimahullaah] started by supplicating for the learner. In the first principle, he said: [اعلم رحمك الله   – Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you]. In the second principle, he began by saying [اعلم رحمك الله  – Know, may Allaah have mercy upon], and in the third principle, he began by saying [اعلم ارشدك الله لطاعته – Know, may Allaah guide you to His obedience].

Beginning with the word اعلم in this treatise and in his other treatises is employed when discussing important and great subject matters, and due to this you find that in the Qur’aan, this word اعلم is mentioned in the great subject matters and important commandments, such as the statement of Allaah: [فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ  – So know (O Muhammad ) that Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)]. In the Qur’aan, there are over 30 Aayaat with this word- mentioned in connection with Allaah’s Names and Attributes, or in the affirmation of Tawheed and other important and great subject matters. It is a word that is mentioned so that the reader’s or listener’s attention is captured.

Also supplicating for others is a sign of sincere advice and it is the path of the sincere advisers, for indeed the sincere adviser combines – for the one who is being advised – beneficial gentle clarification and with sincere supplication. He teaches him [i.e. the one being advised] in a beneficial and gentle manner and supplicates for him whilst hoping that Allaah will benefit him by way of this knowledge. This is an affair that must be given importance – that an Aalim, the one who nurtures others, an admonisher or a khateeb supplicates for the people, that Allaah benefits, guides and shows them mercy. This supplication emanates from the mercy in the adviser’s heart, the eagerness in his heart and the great desire that Allaah benefits those who are being advised or called to [the truth]. Sometimes the word رحمة is mentioned on its own and sometimes it is a mentioned alongside المغفرة. When they are mentioned together, Al-Maghfirah means forgiveness of one’s previous sins in the past, and Rahma means asking Allaah to protect, aid, forgive and guide a person to righteous deeds and statements. And if one of them is mentioned alone, the meaning of the other is added to it. [Sharh Usool Ath-Thalaatha Lesson 1. Masjid An-Nabawiy. Date: 22/08/1434]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/09/the-teacher-should-be-eager-for-the-guidance-of-others-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr/

The Most Important Criteria of Upright Leadership In The Religion: [A Quote By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] From Imaam Muhammad Bin Abdil Wahhaab [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The  Mighty and Majestic] said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً قَانِتًا لِّلَّهِ حَنِيفًا وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Verily, Ibraaheem was an Ummah [leader], Qaanitan [obedient], Haneefan [one who worshipped Allaah alone], and he was not one of the Mushrikeen [polytheists and those who associate partners with Allah in worship]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 120]

Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] is the Imaam of the Hunafaa [i.e. Leader of the people of Tawheed- those who single out Allaah in worship] and this is why Allaah said to him: [إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا – Verily, I am going to make you a leader (Prophet) of humankind]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 124].

It is a customary habit of the people that they do attach themselves to the great personalities, especially those whom they hold in high esteem. Therefore, if a person utilise as proof that the one he follows is an Imaam [An Upright Leader], then there is no Imaam [for humankind] greater than Prophet Ibraaheem [i.e. after Prophet Muhammad], and Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] stated about Prophet Ibraaheem: [وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ – And who turns away from the religion of Ibraaheem (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) except him who befools himself?] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 130]

If a person addresses someone else with the statement, ‘My Shaikh’ in connection to a Soofee Tareeqah [i.e. a Soofee Path] or in connection to affairs of misguidance in the name of following someone he considers an Imaam [Upright Leader], then indeed Prophet Ibraaheem is the Imaam of the people who worship Allaah alone [i.e. the greatest Imaam of Tawheed and perfect example after Prophet Muhammad]. If a person utilises this as his proof [i.e. that the one he follows is an Imaam], then examine the Aqeedah [Islamic Creed] of this person whom he gives the status of Imaam and judge it based on the Qur’aan to establish whether he is from the people of Tawheed. If  a person seeks to use the station of Imaam as proof, then indeed this should be the proof [i.e. examine the Aqeedah of the one given the status of Imaam and judge it based on the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah to establish whether he is a person upon Tawheed].  Also, Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said about the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]:

لَّقَدۡ كَانَ لَكُمۡ فِى رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ۬ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلۡيَوۡمَ ٱلۡأَخِرَ وَذَكَرَ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرً۬ا

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayah 21]


An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed’. Lesson 1- By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]. Slightly paraphrased

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/09/the-most-important-criteria-of-upright-leadership-in-the-religion-a-quote-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr-hafidhahullaah-from-imaam-muhammad-bin-abdil-wahhaab-rahimahullaah/

Three Narrations From ‘Iqtidaa Al-Ilm Al-Amal: [The Aim Behind Knowledge; What Leads to Boasting And Transgression Through Knowledge]- Brief Commentary By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

“Whoever goes out [to seek] knowledge and [only] desiring knowledge, it will not benefit him; but whoever goes out [to seek] knowledge and desiring to act on knowledge, he will be benefited [even] with little knowledge”. Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said, “This is what is incumbent upon a student of knowledge when going out for knowledge and to the gatherings of knowledge. His aim should be that Allaah benefits him through knowledge, for indeed even a little will benefit him. As for acquiring a lot without giving concern to implementation, this will not benefit the acquirer of such knowledge; rather it will be a proof against him and not for him. [Sharh Iqtidaa Al-Ilm Al-A’mal. Lesson 1]

Maalik Ibn Deenaar said, “Indeed, when a slave seeks knowledge to act upon it, his knowledge will restrain him [from what is blameworthy]; but if he seeks it for other than that, it will increase him in sinful behaviour and boastfulness”. Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said, “It will prevent him from self-importance and self-amazement; but if he seeks knowledge for other than acting upon it, he will increase in sinful behaviour and boastfulness. [Sharh Iqtidaa Al-Ilm Al-Amal. Lesson 1]

“There are two acts of transgression in the Dunyaa – transgression through knowledge and transgression through wealth. And that which will save one from transgression through knowledge is [to know] that [acquiring] knowledge is worship and that which will save one from transgression through wealth is Zuhd”. Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said: Transgression through wealth is well known, just as Allaah said:

كَلَّآ إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لَيَطۡغَىٰٓ

أَن رَّءَاهُ ٱسۡتَغۡنَىٰٓ

Nay! Verily, man does transgress all bounds (in disbelief and evil deed, etc.). Because he considers himself self-sufficient.

Transgression through wealth [includes] extravagance, arrogance, self-amazement, self-deception etc. The other type of transgression is through knowledge, such as boasting, showing off, desiring to be mentioned, self-amazement, self-deception etc. So, just as there are people who are afflicted with transgression through wealth, likewise there are those afflicted with transgression through knowledge. If a scholar or student is afflicted with self-amazement, self-deception and boasting, then this is all tantamount to transgression through knowledge. [Sharh Iqtidaa Al-Ilm Al-Amal. Lesson 1]

source https://salaficentre.com/2019/09/three-narrations-from-iqtidaa-al-ilm-al-amal-the-aim-behind-knowledge-what-leads-to-boasting-and-transgression-through-knowledge-brief-commentary-by-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr/